Present tenses – Continuous versus Present Simple – Grammar in use
Present continuous (I am doing). Use the continuous for something that is happening at or around the time of speaking. The action is not finished.
The water is boiling. Can you turn it off?
Listen to him, what language is he speaking?
Let’s go out. It isn’t raining now.
‘Please don’t disturb me. I’m busy.’ ‘Why? What are you doing?’
I’m going to bed now. Goodnight!
Marianna is in Germany at the moment. She’s learning English.
Use the continuous for a temporary situation
I’m living with some friends until I can find a flat.
‘You’re working hard today.’ ‘Yes, I’ve got a lot to do.’
I’m working here for the next 2 weeks, then I am going on holiday
He’s worrying a lot about his job today, I hope he is ok tomorrow
Present tenses – Present simple (I do)
Use the simple for things in general or things that happen repeatedly.
Water boils at 100 degrees celsius.
The sun shines every day here.
It doesn’t rain very much in winter.
What do you usually do at Christmas?
What do you do? (= What’s your job?)
I always go to bed before midnight.
Most people learn to swim when they are children.
I always walk to work in the summer, it’s good exercise.
At Christmas time I go to my parents house.
Use the simple for a permanent situation
My parents live in London. They have lived there all their lives.
Mikey isn’t lazy. He works very hard most of the time.
I work as a coach and I am self employed
So that’s a brief look at English grammar and the tense (time) of Present Continuous and Present Simple.
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